For seventeen years from the first flights into space in 1961 to the eve of the Space Shuttle programme, manned activities in space were the reserve of Soviet Cosmonauts and American NASA astronauts.  Although other countries were often to assist these two great space fairing nations in their efforts to explore space, no citizen outside of the USA of the USSR was considered for spaceflight training.  In the late 60's America and Russia began to talk about a joint space docking mission which, in 1975 resulted in the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.  At last astronauts and cosmonauts shook hands in space with the hopes of much more to follow.  With the advent of the Space Shuttle and the Spacelab laboratory designed in Europe, the prospect of flying non-Americans on the Shuttle opened up.  Not to be outdone the Soviets offered Soyuz crew seats, flying short mission to space stations by representatives from the Easter Bloc countries.  In the 198/0's and 1990's international crew members regularly flew on American or Russian missions, and now, with the International space Station in constant use, representatives from many countries are often crew members.  In this lecture, Dave explains the co-operation between nations which have resulted in much more than just a handshake in space for the cameras.
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Handshake in space